Oceans of Grain : How American Wheat Remade the World
by Nelson, Scott Reynolds







Introduction1(10)
One The Black Paths, 10,000-800 BC
11(12)
Two The Gates of Constantinople, 800 BC-AD 1758
23(18)
Three Physiocratic Expansion, 1760-1844
41(22)
Four P. infestans and the Birth of Free Trade, 1845-1852
63(14)
Five Capitalism and Slavery, 1853-1863
77(26)
Six "Ceres Americana," 1861-1865
103(20)
Seven Boom, 1866
123(22)
Eight What Is to Be Done? 1866-1871
145(14)
Nine The Great Grain Crisis, 1873-1883
159(22)
Ten The Grain Powers of Europe, 1815-1887
181(22)
Eleven "Russia Is the Shame of Europe," 1882-1909
203(30)
Twelve Orient Express, Army of Action, 1910-1914
233(12)
Thirteen A World War over Bread, 1914-1917
245(10)
Fourteen Grain as Authority, 1916-1924
255(14)
Conclusion269(10)
Appendix279(4)
Acknowledgments283(4)
Notes287(56)
Index343


"A revelatory global history shows how cheap American grain toppled the world's largest empires. To understand the rise and fall of empires, we must follow the paths traveled by grain-along rivers, between ports, and across seas. In Oceans of Grain, historian Scott Reynolds Nelson reveals how the struggle to dominate these routes transformed the balance of world power. Early in the nineteenth century, imperial Russia fed much of Europe through the booming port of Odessa. But following the US Civil War, tons of American wheat began to flood across the Atlantic, and food prices plummeted. This cheap foreign grain spurred the rise of Germany and Italy, the decline of the Habsburgs and the Ottomans, and the European scramble for empire. It was a crucial factor in the outbreak of the First World War and the Russian Revolution. A powerful new interpretation, Oceans of Grain shows that amid the great powers' rivalries, there was no greater power than control of grain"-





Scott Reynolds Nelson is the UGA Athletics Association professor of the humanities at the University of Georgia. He is a Guggenheim fellow and the author of five books, including Steel Drivin' Man, which received the Merle Curti Social History Award and the National Award for Arts Writing. Nelson lives in Athens, Georgia.






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