1984
by George Orwell









1984
by George Orwell

Alternative Titles
1984: a novel
Nineteen eighty-four
Nineteen eighty-four: a novel

Summary
Nineteen Eighty-Four revealed George Orwell as one of the twentieth century's greatest mythmakers. While the totalitarian system that provoked him into writing it has since passed into oblivion, his harrowing cautionary tale of a man trapped in a political nightmare has had the opposite fate: its relevance and power to disturb our complacency seem to grow decade by decade. In Winston Smith's desperate struggle to free himself from an all-encompassing, malevolent state, Orwell zeroed in on tendencies apparent in every modern society, and made vivid the universal predicament of the individual. (Book Jacket Status: Jacketed)

Awards
1983 Prometheus Hall of Fame Award for Best Classic Libertarian SF Novel nominee
1984 Prometheus Hall of Fame Award for Best Classic Libertarian SF Novel co-winner
1998 Locus Poll Award for All-Time Best SF Novel Before 1990 (21st place)

Characters
NameWinston Smith
GenderMale
Age39
OccupationParty functionary
AttributesDivorced
Independent
Resents the government

NameJulia
GenderFemale
AgeYoung adult
AttributesRebellious; in love with Winston

NameO'Brien
GenderMale
AttributesMember of the Party's Inner Circle

NameMr. Charrington
GenderMale
AttributesMember of the thought police


Genre
Classic
Science fiction
Dystopia
Fiction

Topics
Oppression
Totalitarianism
Eavesdropping
Political activists
Altering history
Mind control
Free will
Order and chaos

Setting
London, England -- Europe
Oceania
Police state

Time Period
1984 -- 20th century -- -- Near future





Nineteen Eighty-Four revealed George Orwell as one of the twentieth century's greatest mythmakers. While the totalitarian system that provoked him into writing it has since passed into oblivion, his harrowing cautionary tale of a man trapped in a political nightmare has had the opposite fate: its relevance and power to disturb our complacency seem to grow decade by decade. In Winston Smith's desperate struggle to free himself from an all-encompassing, malevolent state, Orwell zeroed in on tendencies apparent in every modern society, and made vivid the universal predicament of the individual. (Book Jacket Status: Jacketed)





George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in 1903 in Motihari in Bengal, India and later studied at Eton for four years. Orwell was an assistant superintendent with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. He left the position after five years and then moved to Paris, where he wrote his first two books, Burmese Days and Down and Out In Paris. Orwell then moved to Spain to write but decided to join the United Workers Marxist Party Militia. After being decidedly opposed to communism, Orwell served in the British Home Guard and with the Indian Service of the BBC during World War II. He started writing for the Observer and was literary editor for the Tribune. Soon after he published the world-famous book, Animal Farm, which became a huge success for Orwell. It was then towards the end of his life when Orwell wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four. George Orwell died on January 23, 1950 in London. (Bowker Author Biography)





Winston hates the system, hates Big Brother. He knows that his rebellion puts him in terrible danger and that the Thought Police will find him.





It was a bright cold day in April, And The clocks were striking thirteen. Winston Smith, his chin nuzzled into his breast in an effort to escape the vile wind, slipped quickly through the glass doors of Victory Mansions, though not quickly enough to prevent a swirl of gritty dust from entering along with him. The hallway smelt of boiled cabbage and old rag mats. At one end of it a coloured poster, too large for indoor display, had been tacked To The wall. it depicted imply an enormous face, more than a metre wide: The face of a man of about forty-five, with a heavy black moustache and ruggedly handsome features. Winston made For The stairs. it was no use trying the lift. Even at the best of times it was seldom working, and at present the electric current was cut off during daylight hours. it was part of the economy drive in preparation for Hate Week. The flat was seven flights up, and Winston, who was thirty-nine and had a varicose ulcer above his right ankle, went slowly, resting several times on the way. On each landing, opposite the lift-shaft, The poster with the enormous face gazed from the wall. it was one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, The caption beneath it ran. Excerpted from 1984 by George Orwell All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.






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